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- Photography using Digital SLRs

 

Uwe's Nikon Lenses


field report by Uwe Steinmueller (11/30/2005)

 

 
 

SLRs are so popular as they allow a flexibility to use many different and even very special lenses. Here is clearly where Nikon and Canon dominate the professional market. We think we now own a set of Nikon lenses that will work for us for some time to come. Good time to talk about our lenses and why we use them.

Here is an article about our Canon Lenses.

Why Zooms?

In our work we most often use zoom lenses. 30 years ago we did not even think of touching a zoom lens (we used mainly two Nikon F2s and owned (still have them) prime lenses from 20-200mm). Why zooms today?

  • Zooms improved a lot over the last 30 years
  • We try to minimize lens changes as this may introduce dust into out DSLRs
  • Zooms are flexible
  • We may be a bit lazy :-)

But we try to stay away from zoom lenses with a huge focal range as this means that these lenses are either heavy and expensive or of inferior quality.

Why expensive Lenses?

High quality zooms are expensive especially if they spot f/2.8 and fixed aperture. We find that the image quality is most of the time limited by the lens and hardly just by the camera. Even our 2.7MP Nikon D1 showed the quality of better lenses. But in the end the "right" lens will be a compromise dictated by:

  • Price
  • Weight
  • Size
  • Maximum aperture
  • Optical quality

We would rather use fewer lenses than buying cheap ones. This does not mean that some lenses with smaller maximum aperture may save you good money and still getting good results.

Third Party lenses

The fact that we only cover Nikon lenses here reflects our personal choice and does not mean that that lenses made by third party manufactures may not be very good indeed. One main reason for us buying Canon or Nikon glass is the consistency in terms of color rendering. We tested a few third party lenses for our Nikon cameras and they seemed to have different color characteristic.

Lens distortions

The more the lenses range into the wide angle area the more you will notice lens distortions. Some of them can easily be corrected by tools like PTLens.


Core Lenses (Prime lenses)

Nikkor 50mm f/1.4


German forest (Nikon D1 + Nikkor 50mm f/1.4D)

  • Great lens but not often used by us (what a shame actually).

Core Lenses (Zooms)

With only the following 2 lenses we could go a long way:

Nikkor AF-S 28-70mm f/2.8


Lower Antelope Canyon (Nikon D2x + AF-S 28-70mm f/2.8)

 

If we needed to use only one lens this might be our choice. We are not that much into wide angle photography and so this lens is even on a D2x with its 1.5x multiplier the widest we need most of the time. But sometimes you may want a more wide angle zoom (see below).

Pro

  • Good range
  • Good optical quality
  • Bright viewfinder image

Con

  • Expensive
  • Big and heavy compared to other zooms of that range

 

Nikkor AF-S 70-200mm f/2.8L VR


Junk Yard (Nikon D2x + AF-S 70-200 VR)

This is our most used lens. You can buy this lens also without image stabilization but then you need a tripod way more often. The old AF-S 80-200mm f/2.8 is a first rate lens we own too but misses VR.

Pro

  • Good optical quality
  • VR works and helps
  • Bright viewfinder image

Con

  • Expensive
  • Big and heavy compared to other zooms of that range

 

Alternatives

AF-S 80-200mm F/2.8L

  • Great lens but at 200mm you may want to have IS

 

 

Longer Glass

The range from 42mm to 300mm effective (because of Nikon's 1.5 multiplier) is very fine for all landscape work. But even adding a 1.4x tele extender to the 70-200mm lens will not be enough to capture birds (even large birds like Egrets and Pelicans) or other wildlife.

Nikkor AF-S 300mm f/4

 


Zebras at Hwy 1 in fog (Nikon D2x + 300mm f/4)

From the beginning we planned to use it with the 1.4x extender because you can get a very decent 280mm from the 70-200mm plus the 1.4x but the 300mm would be a 420 with the 1.4x (actually effective 630mm, not bad!).

Pro

  • Good optical quality without extender
  • reasonable priced for a 300mm and f/4

Con

  • Slow focusing with the 1.4x extender
  • As expected the 1.4x degrades image quality

 

Wider Angle

As mentioned before we are not using that often extreme wide angle. But the 28mm may not always cut it. In these situations we use:

Nikkor AF-S 17-35mm f/2.8


Alviso Gate (Nikon D1 + AF-S 17-35mm f/2.8)

 

Pro

  • Optical quality excellent for a wide angle zoom (some claim that this maybe one of the finest wide angle zooms available for all cameras)
  • Great contrast

Con

  • Heavy
  • Expensive

Nikkor AF-S 12-24mm f/4


Horseshoe Bend (Nikon D2x + AF-S 12-24mm f/4)

Note: We do not own this lens but used it for some shots and were quite pleased

Pro

  • Pretty good for this range

Con

  • Not cheap

 

Single Travel Lens for the Nikon

If you want to travel light you may want to use only one lens

Nikkor AF-S 24-120 f/3.5-5.6 VR

 

This category is very tough and you have to be willing to cut corners in terms of image quality. We think the 24-120 is a nice compromise as it features VR.

Pro

  • Not that expensive
  • Top range 24-120 (about 36mm - 180mm equivalent on the D2x)
  • VR helps

Con

  • Not a lot experience right now (will fill in here later)

 

Getting Closer (Macro Lenses)

We always like to use macro lenses for close ups (not really 1:1 macros).

Micro Nikkor 105mm f/2.8

 

 


Red Giant Poppy (Nikon D1 + Micro Nikkor 105mm)

We love this macro lens and won't want to miss it a second when photographing flowers.

Pro

  • Optical quality very good
  • Good focusing distance

Con

  • none really

 

Tele Converters

Tele converters are very useful tools. The 1.4x does only degrade the image quality slightly (if used with good lenses of course) while the 2x adds more softness. Also both extenders tend to add CA (chromatic aberration) that is visible at high contrast edges.

We use the 1.4x way more often than the 2x. We sometime hear that 1.4 would not make a big difference. We cannot share this view as e.g. the difference between 200mm and 280mm is by no means minor.

Tele extenders add the following defects to the optics:

  • Lower sharpness (the 1.4x behave very well here)
  • Add more chromatic aberrations

 

Getting the shot you want maybe more important than dealing with slightly reduced image quality.

Read this essay:

 


Pelican Attack

 

Note: We have quite a few more Nikon prime lenses but they are hardly used. Probably a big mistake :-).

 
For our original Nikon lens report read here.
 

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